**CONSTRUCTING SPHERICAL IMAGERY WITH THE (LUO SHU) MAGIC SQUARE**

The circle
and the square have a sacred place in human evolution. Examples of the two icons are replete in art
and architecture from the earliest of times.
The circle represents Heaven, the square represents the earth. Adding to this, the male energy is represented
by Heaven as the female energy is represented by earth. The early Chinese refer to these energies, or

*qi,*as*yin*(earthly and female) and*yang*(heavenly and male).
My expertise
is the study of magic squares in the

*Luo Shu*format. These squares are of an odd order and have peculiar characteristics that gave this “set of squares” a revered status. The*Luo Shu*magic square was used in religious ceremonies, was the basis for religious art, and served as the ground plan for temple design and city layouts as this arrangement of numbers had a mystical connection to Heaven.
These
observations have been well documented by some of the greatest Sinologists such
as Schuyler Cammaan, Alfred Schinz, and Paul Wheatley. However, it was not until my discovery of the
formula that describes the 3x3 magic square that it became evident that the
Chinese magic square, referred to as the

*Luo Shu*, actually refers to all orders of magic squares that can be derived from this formula. Also, constructing magic squares using the Persian or Hindu method will generate squares of this type.
The study of
these magic squares will demonstrate a unique Pythagorean triad of numbers
associated with each order of square. A
cross of odd numbers run thru the vertical and horizontal axis of every square,
regardless of size, and generates the cross-in-square template used in temple
and tomb design (referred to as

*si fang*). Therefore math, and in particular, the Right-Angle Triangle theorem, is being highlighted in these squares. Because the Pythagorean Theorem is the most important mathematical relationship to the evolution of humankind, these squares had special status to many cultures.**There has now been a new discovery with these squares that I refer to as magic squares in the**

*Luo Shu*format.

Tasha
Lindsay has created spherical images based on these squares that are perfectly
symmetrical generating as beautiful a mandala as can be since these images are
based on a perfect kind of math. The
early Chinese believed the

*Luo Shu*was a gift (or mandate) from Heaven and if used ceremoniously as well as functionally, humankind could improve their prospects to evolve and prosper.
If it is
true that these magic squares are not human constructs but the stuff bestowed
upon us from Heaven, then Ms. Lindsay has made the visual and artistic* connection
with Heaven. Or at least with the magic
square and circle.

*COPYRIGHT 2016

Tasha Lindsay

*COPYRIGHT 2016

Tasha Lindsay